Intel motherboard designs come in four basic sizes, each with its own unique characteristics. Notwithstanding the major differences, there are some general features that all share to some degree or another: the memory, expansion, storage, and integrated peripherals.
The size and socks are closely linked in the largest series Intel motherboard on the market specifically designed to host several Xeon server-class chips, while the smallest ITX Intel motherboard series is used only for mobile CPU socket or even a Netbook / nettop CPU socket for Intel Atom processor family budget. The middle two groups, ATX and Micro ATX, both houses of the desktop CPU socket, although there are several servers ATX motherboard, and at least one Micro ATX motherboard with Intel socket designed for use with a laptop CPU. Obviously the higher the motherboard physically more able to be integrated.
One of these features, memory sockets, which are becoming more and more important as the 64-bit CPU and 64-bit software continues to gain traction in the market. One of the main advantages of going 64-bit capability to deal with large amounts of system memory, but all that memory should be a place to plug it into any Intel motherboard. This is where the memory sockets come in, and more Intel motherboards tend to have more of them than smaller, because they tend to consume relatively large amounts of physical space. Since most Intel motherboard supports dual-design or even triple channel memory configurations, many memory sockets are located in pairs or in trija.Memorija sockets are usually designed for specific types of memory that operate in a rather limited tolerance when it comes to speed (MHz ), and electrical requirements.
Memory and CPU socket are not the only things that can be connected to most Intel motherboards. All but the very smallest Intel motherboard design feature places designed to accommodate a variety of add-in cards ranging from graphics adapters to high-end RAID array devices. These are commonly referred to as 'place' and come in AGP, ISA, PCI, PCI-X, PCIe, PCI-G, and many other styles and types. Some species, such as AGP only useful for certain kinds of extra modules, while the other slots, such as PCIE all general-purpose and allow Intel motherboard will be expanded and adapted to perform any number of customized tasks.
Of course, many of those very tasks that were once exclusively handled by the add-plates are now part of the standard range of integrated features. Onboard sound, network, USB controllers, SATA, and even advanced RAID controllers are very common there almost every Intel motherboard on the market. While some of these features, such as RAID controllers come in many flavors, the general rule is that you get what you pay for, the more expensive Intel motherboard would be more likely to have better integrated RAID controller. Some of these integrated features may not work well for today, but it has an expansion slot helps to ensure that future upgradability and expansion without complete system replacement is possible if any part of the integrated feature set is still considered insufficient.